Start of the 1929 Crash

The U.S. stock market began following the fall of the German and French stock markets during the first few days of September, 1929. Above is a typical story about a small still–the large, continuous stills producing thousands of gallons a day never made it into the papers. The story (link) hints that the agent on vacation was turning a blind eye to liquor production, and that his officious replacement was cracking down with faith-based determination and lusty asset forfeiture, but that the coast will again be clear next Wednesday.

RAIDERS SEIZE MOONSHINE STILL—Mash and Finished Product Found at Pawtucket. A Pawtucket raid in which federal prohibition agents attached to the Providence office, under direction of Chief Raiding Officer Michael A O’Brien, today seized a 100 gallon moonshine still and large quantities of mash and finished product is the 22nd seizure whih the office has effected since John W Morill, administrator in charge of the office, left on his vacation two weeks ago.
As a result of the raids, a report of which is being tabulated by Carl A Nelson, drug store inspector, acting as administrator in the absence of Mr Morrill, 21 Rhode Island men have been taken into custody and arraigned before United States Commissioners on charges of violating the prohibition act.
The number of stills and beer plants uncovered during the raids had not been tabulated by Mr Nelson to-day, but the acting administrator indicated that they would far exceed the number seized by the local office over a similar period a year ago, when, he said to-day, seizures totalled six.
No defendant was found on the raid conducted today, on a two-story dwelling house at the junction of Yale and Notre Dame avenues, Pawtucket, where the agents claim to have seized 47 barrels of moonshine mash and a large quantity of alleged moonshine whiskey.
Four stills uncovered last night by the agents in cellars of two houses on Division Street, Central Falls, were about the filthiest in the experience of agents attached to the local force, it was indicated to-day, the report stating  that quarters where the stills were uncovered were infested with rats and other vermin.
Mr Morrill, who is spending his vacation with members of his family in Maine, is expected to resume his duties in this city next Tuesday. Mr Nelson will leave on his annual leave of two weeks the following day. (Providence, RI Evening Tribune 31 AUG1929  1)

On the same page (link) is a report on the difficulties experienced in collecting war reparations payments from Germany. After Austria and Germany attacked other narcotics-producing nations in 1914 then lost in 1918, every country invaded was counting on German reparations payments provided under the Treaty of Versailles. With that money they then paid a little toward the loans gotten from Uncle Sam while being throttled by the Accursed Hun. Throttler replaced throttlee in the Versailles treaty, yet Germany, now fanatically inspired by christian National Socialism, spent its drug income on political parades and armaments, while demanding everyone else disarm.

Why not delve into what caused the 1929 Crash? Prohibition and The Crash–Cause and Effect in 1929 does exactly that, matching economic theory and newspaper accounts against stock market reactions and competing theories. It is live on Amazon Kindle for the price of a pint.

Prohibition and The Crash, on Amazon Kindle in 2 languages

My other-language blog is amigra.us

Dry Dixieland 1913

Government Gunmen for God and Good

We know best how to run your life

Long before Ayn Rand drafted the Non-Aggression Pledge, white Dixie Democrats were hard at work collecting signatures on a pro-life promise to point loaded guns at people. This they regarded as their deontological duty seven years before Christian National Socialism was even invented, and six years before George Wallace was born.

Godliness at Gunpoint!

The Pro-Aggression Pledge of Their Neighbors’ Keepers

Within a year, the Harrison Tax Act would reach out with censorship of advertising, just as the same mentality manages to do today. These holy warriors for the Comstock laws got their power in many states before the Prohibition Amendment brought forth the Crash and Great Depression.

Naturally prohibitionists were surprised, and of course they seek to banish the thought or suggestion that sending government gunmen into banks and brokerages to confiscate accounts could possibly cause money to be withdrawn into hoarding until the fractional-reserve currency system collapsed into an economic black hole. The very suggestion elicits puzzlement that such a thought could be seriously entertained. But the thought is indeed entertaining and will enlighten your understanding of economics and how economics applies to today’s prohibitionism.

For more on how bipartisan prohibitionism crushed the U.S. economy and brought on the Great Depression, why not download Prohibition and The Crash–Cause and Effect in 1929? The book is live on Amazon Kindle and you can read it on a cellphone in your choice of language for the cost of a craft pint at a pub.

cause and effect

Prohibition and The Crash, on Amazon Kindle

simultaneous interpreting, legal and financial

Prohibition and the Crash–guest appearance

The following post The Drug Problems Jeff Sessions Complains About Are Caused By Prohibition appeared first on A Libertarian Future at A Libertarian Future – Spreading a Libertarian message across the internet.. Many libertarians were upset with Rand Paul for voting to confirm Jeff Sessions because the Attorney General has an enormous amount of leeway…

via The Drug Problems Jeff Sessions Complains About Are Caused By Prohibition — A Libertarian Future

Prohibition and The Crash, 1929

1929electoralvote

Chapter 39

The City Trust Mystery

            The Steinhardt affair dominated New York headlines, even though the accompanying news stories contained no intelligible information whatsoever. On February 1, 1929, Frank M. Ferrari, president of the City Trust Co., died in New York City as the stock market was making broad advances. The Times quietly tucked the story away on page 27 and few took notice. Then came the embarrassing League of Nations revelations regarding European drug manufacturers, which drew attention to other narcotics-related disclosures and generated more news stories.[1] Behind the scenes Mabel Willebrandt wrote Attorney General Mitchell blaming “disorganization” in the office of the United States Attorney for the Eastern Division of New York, on one William A. DeGroot.[2]

The Federal Reserve Board had meanwhile produced the broker’s loan figures and—in the wake of an increase in the Bank of England’s interest rate—issued another warning against “speculation.”[3] At the same time a settlement was reached in the 1922 Big Four case in which the wealthy bootlegging Savannah gentlemen—already in prison for income tax evasion—were finally assessed $140,000.[4] Bearing hard on the issue of tax evasion was a United States Court of Claims ruling that the Commissioner of Internal Revenue had absolute authority to determine what inventories businesses could and could not use in filing tax returns. Judge Nicholas Sinnott wrote the opinion, which was not at all reassuring for preparers of corporate income tax returns.[5] The Federal Reserve Board soon issued another scolding, hinting at danger to the nation’s gold reserves.[6]

On top of this came the Harris amendment calling for another $25 million in prohibition enforcement appropriations. From January 12 to February 8, when it was deadlocked between House and Senate, the proposal had been the focus of constant and acrimonious debate.[1] By February 13, the commotion reached the floor of the House in the form of a pre-impeachment resolution denouncing Federal Judge Winslow, and across the border into Canada in the form of a massive manhunt for fugitive lawyer Steinhardt.[2] These publicized events at home and in Geneva were attended by flurries of stock liquidations which sent prices tumbling. The New York Stock Exchange, Curb Market and Philadelphia Exchange all announced they would be closed Saturday, February 9. In discussing the market nosedive newspapers avoided touching on the Naarden case, prohibition funding, or the backstage struggles in enforcement offices, pointing instead to recent scoldings by the Federal Reserve Board and to England’s interest rate hike. Even the closure was downplayed as due to an outbreak of the flu among brokers.[3]

Yet there had been signs of uncertainty surrounding the City Trust Company since before January 8, when vice-president Frederico Ferrari signed a report denying the bank had excessive loans. Unbeknownst to newspapers and the public, New York Bank Examiner Frank L. Warder had, on January 15, received a $20,000 payoff to overlook the insolvency of the City Trust Company and forego shutting it down.[4] The market break occurred one week after City Trust president Francesco Ferrari’s death and four days before the closing of the bank’s five locations by the State Department of Banking. The International Radiotelegraph Convention proclaimed January 1 contained the signature of one Frn. Ferrari binding the Republic of San Marino to the treaty. San Marino—barely two miles wide—lay wholly inside Italy nor far from the Ferrari automobile plant. Folks began to wonder just how important this Ferrari fellow had been.[1] The investigation would continue to yield unsavory surprises for another three years. No mention was made of the Bank of United States money which National City Bank placed on deposit at the Petrograd branch of City Trust.[2]

Rioting was rampant in Bombay, with another 28 deaths reported February 11. New outbreaks of political turmoil in Afghanistan already had Great Britain in a stir. And policy recommendations from the League Opium Advisory Committee were extremely unpopular among ruling officials yet popular with the native masses in British India. Ordinary citizens there, as in China, felt themselves exploited by the British opium and salt revenue monopolies. For years now “holy” pictures of Mahatma Gandhi had sold briskly at every market and bazaar in India. People everywhere wore Gandhi caps and picketed and boycotted liquor stores to starve the government of revenue.

Gandhi was imprisoned for “sedition” in 1922 but released in 1924 after an appendectomy out of fear he might die in prison. The Indian Congress had recently resolved in favor of independence if Dominion status were not granted India by the end of 1929. Britain’s very sovereignty had thus been called into question, and the clock set ticking for a showdown over the Empire’s hegemony in British India. British newspapers were still having a field day with the Naarden drug conspiracy case, doubtless overjoyed to have Europeans share some blame. Yet such publicity could only worsen matters in India—where the body count from the latest riots stood at 113—and make a poor impression on the incoming Hoover Administration.[1]

In Williamson county, Illinois, three city officials—a district attorney, coroner, and chief of police—were on trial for liquor conspiracy with the Mayor of Herrin. Chicago Alderman Titus Haffa was also on trial as a kingpin in a liquor conspiracy implicating three prohibition agents.[2] Nor was the situation very comfortable in New York, where officials were busy making sure no “startling evidence” involving public figures with Arnold Rothstein’s drug ring saw daylight. With the grand jury closing in on Judge Winslow, whose narcotics cases included the Unger trial and involved agent Kerrigan’s death, this was no small task. In Miami, Dade County Solicitor Robert Taylor questioned Al Capone, who indignantly declared: “I never was a bootlegger in my life.”[3]

Em português no meu outro blog. Compre o livro em português formato Amazon Kindle

ALeiSeca0619

 

Next: The Valentine’s Day Massacre

[1] (NYT 1/19/29 3) (Taylor 1969 204-5) (Van Tyne 1923 111, 120)

[2] (Pasley 1930 206) (CT 2/16/29 5; 2/17/29 25) (NYT 2/16/29 5:5) (Irey and Slocum 1948 22)

[3] (NYT 2/14/29 1) (CT 2/15/29 3) (Schoenberg 1992 216-217)

[1] (Treaties, Etc. 1938/1968 5031; 5095)

[2] (NY World Almanac 1930 98, 99) (NYT 5/15/28 36)

[1] (NYT 1/12/29 1:2; 1/13 1:7; 1/14 4:4… 2/8 1:4)

[2] (NYT 2/13/29 1, 2)

[3] (WSJ 2/8/29 1)

[4] (NYT 7/3/29 25) (CT 9/7/29 4)

[1] (Taylor 1969 231)

[2] (Hoover 1929 1974 131-2)

[3] (WSJ 2/8/29 1) (Lawrence 1929 437)

[4] (Brown 1984 62, 274)

[5] (CT 2/6/29 1 Commerce)

[6] (Lawrence 1929 437)

Need a translator or interpreter familiar with the links between political economy, prohibitionism, tax law and financial disaster?