League of Looter Nations, 1929

After President Harding and the Senate said no, the League of European stupefacient warmongers limped on without us. So what happened? Here is an excerpt from Prohibition and the Crash by J Henry Phillips

Chapter 12

The League of Nations

            On the international front the State Department Division of Far Eastern Affairs had approvingly read the Geneva Opium Convention of 1925, and lent a sympathetic ear to the so-called Scheme of Stipulated Supply. The idea was to use futures trading for all legal narcotics procurements. The effect would be to greatly limit production for the illegal market.[1] The World Anti-Narcotic Union had held a gala meeting early in March and obtained verbal support from Governor Al Smith, Mayor Jimmy Walker and Italian dictator Benito Mussolini—but nothing was actually done.[2]

Since 1924 Pennsylvania Congressman Stephen G. Porter had been an influential figure in U.S. drug negotiations with the League of Nations. But the man was a mystical pedant and alienated League members (See and compare A.G. Sessions). Indeed, it was on Porter’s motion that the American delegation to the Geneva conference had petulantly withdrawn from the Convention of 1925. The truth was that delegates from India, Turkey and Persia understood perfectly well that any sudden curbs on opium production would bring on acute economic crises and political instability in their countries. Porter understood none of this and stormed out in a huff, convinced of the foreign delegates’ insincerity. Even before the Great War German chemical interests had struggled against curbs on drugs, and not without reason.[3]

 

[1] (Taylor 1969 211, 228) (Eisenlohr 1934 129)

[2] (NYT 3/8/28 8)

[3] (Taylor 1969 178-9, 184; 193, 201, 107-8, 213) (Eisenlohr 1934 227, 231, 256-7)

 

Voter Comparison Shopping

When was the last time you saw political party platform planks compared? The entrenched Kleptocracy parties both claimed to be different in 2016. Are they?

The Democrats still want your kids incarcerated for marijuana, only now they want to class it in the same category as methamphetamine and cocaine instead of heroin. The Libertarian Party is against sending men with guns to kick down doors–especially when no harm has been done to merit such violence. The Republican Party wants that Old Testament Prohibitionism that caused most of our financial crashes and economic depressions. Sound farfetched? Exaggerated?

Here is the 2016 straddle plank the Democratic party added to its lengthy platform by the narrowest of margins before choosing a candidate:

Because of conflicting federal and state laws concerning marijuana, we encourage the federal government to remove marijuana from the list of “Schedule 1″ federal controlled substances and to appropriately regulate it, providing a reasoned pathway for future legalization.

Here is the Libertarian plank that covers policy on marijuana:

The prescribed role of government is to protect the rights of every individual including the right to life, liberty and property. Criminal laws should be limited in their application to violations of the rights of others through force or fraud, or to deliberate actions that place others involuntarily at significant risk of harm. Therefore, we favor the repeal of all laws creating “crimes” without victims, such as the use of drugs for medicinal or recreational purposes. [Banned from televised debates]

Here is the Republican plank on some drugs:

The progress made over the last three decades against drug abuse is eroding, whether for cultural reasons or for lack of national leadership. In many jurisdictions, marijuana is virtually legalized despite its illegality under federal law. At the other end of the drug spectrum, heroin use nearly doubled from 2003 to 2013, while deaths from heroin have quadrupled. All this highlights the continuing conflicts and contradictions in public attitudes and public policy toward illegal substances. Congress and a new administration should consider the long- range implications of these trends for public health and safety and prepare to deal with the problematic consequences.

True, the Dems pretend to believe they can repeal the Second Amendment, enact Kristallnacht laws, abolish guns and turn These States into a banana republic or European satrapy. And the GO-Pee platform flatly asserts it wants to change the 14th Amendment so that “All Persons Born” will again be interpreted to mean “All Ova Fertilized,” everywhere, not just in Dixieland as it was before the Libertarian Party electoral vote earned in December of 1972. That vote led to the Roe v. Wade decision recognizing that pregnant women have individual rights in January 1973. (Yep. Libertarian spoiler votes have been vacating bad jurisprudence for 45 years). Their biggest mistake was to cave in to Green Watermelon spoiler votes aimed at making electricity generation more difficult and expensive than it already is. That is the only real difference between the GOP-Tea Party-Klan and the DEM-Green-CPUSA United Fronts.

There is no difference between being flung in jail or shot by conscience-stricken Democrats or lustily bragging Republicans.  Both want hemp users arrested by the violence of law–that, fines and imprisonment are what their platforms offer voters–and visit upon those too young to vote or buy beer. Prohibition laws are marketing tools passed and enforced for a profit that is well-hidden from view. They distort the supply and demand curves to raise prices; that is the purpose of all marketing.

If you are surprised that these precursors to legislation are what make the laws, try not to be surprised by bad translations of legal material in court.  A competent court interpreter can be as valuable as a competent attorney in defense of your rights.

 

 

 

Income Tax, Manifesto Plank 2, 1913

incometax1913p13America’s third income tax arrived, armed and dangerous, in 1913. Here’s how it was received at the time.
Boston Evening Transcript April 15, 1913
INCOME TAX ABSURDITIES  [From the Baltimore Star Rep.]
No matter what may be the Individual attitude toward the income tax as a simple proposition, the section of the new tariff bill which embodies this employment of a war-time measure in the midst of peace is full of absurdities which, it is to be hoped, will be eliminated before the bill reaches the White House.

The requirement that employers shall withhold from employees the proportion of salaries required to be paid as income tax, and thus become responsible for their employees’ compliance with the law, is open to great objection. It infers (implies) that the employee is not himself sufficiently honest or responsible to take care of his own relation to the taxing power, and thus does serious injustice to a large class of salaried people. The man who is capable of earning as a salaried employee more than $4000 a year is usually a man of principle and responsibility, quite as capable of dealing fairly with the Government as the man who draws his income from stocks and bonds or a personal share in a business.

This human necessity of providing for the investigation of questionable returns shows how much of an invasion of private affairs this tax will allow. Its enforcement will be a source of scandal and annoyance and doubtless of much unfairness. It will encourage evasion and subterfuge and the withdrawal of funds from healthy enterprises to take advantage of the special classes of investment which are exempted. In its train will come many evils of a serious nature. It involves a more serious menace to the party assessing it than any other governmental measure in contemplation. ***

SO what was going on in the world as the US government fastened this vampire tax on citizens? 

China–desperate to rid the nation of foreign dumping of poppy sap chemicals–had completely dismantled and replaced its government in 1911, and repercussions fanned outward. Republican President Yuan called the poppy the “all-destroying weed!”  In January of 1912, an election year, Congress overrode President Taft’s veto to make it a federal felony to transport alcoholic beverages into ku-klux-dry territory (as most of the Southern states had enacted prohibition).  Corn Products Refining, flagship of The Glucose Trust–doing for America’s home distillation what the British East India Company did for opium addicts in China–was named in a criminal information in an Illinois district court. A ban on “foreign” alcohol provided protection from competition for corn sugar, the ethanol precursor chemical.

Persia, on signing the Hague Opium Convention, signed with reservations about helping to enforce Chinese opium prohibition. This growing Hague Convention was a direct threat to France, Great Britain, and to the Prussia-Austria-Germany axis refining morphine from opium produced in the Balkans. That entire region was already breaking out in scattered warfare–and a naval arms race between Germany and England gained momentum. Montenegro declared war on the opium-producing Ottoman Empire in the fall, so a global opium war became inevitable. In 1912 an assassin tried to shoot the King of Italy, and another shot and wounded former President Theodore Roosevelt. These things were almost routine.

George Orwell’s father, Richard Walmesley Blair retired to the safety of England after earning promotion to Sub-Deputy Opium Agent, first grade. England had given in to Pressure for the Hague Opium Convention, leaving Germany as the recalcitrant holdout. Germany also manufactured a stimulant, cocaine, which Americans–especially William Jennings Bryan–feared (and Europeans craved) as some sort of sex drug liable to drive down the price of coffee. German pharmaceutical companies were dismayed when–by British suggestion–cocaine was bundled into the Hague Convention as though it had anything in common with opium. Italy pressed for and got the inclusion of Indian hemp drugs. Hemp would only be effectively banned in These States after the legalization of heavily taxed beer and liquor failed to generate enough revenue to satiate the greed of politicians.

Such was the atmosphere as Woodrow Wilson–like T.R. a friend of prohibitionism, also opposed to “private and selfish purposes”–became President. Congress prepared to implement another income tax lifted straight out of the Communist Manifesto of 1848 in anticipation of a global opium war it then knew to be inevitable and imminent.

If you favor legalization of safer enjoyable drugs as harm-reducing competition to weaken the black market in addictive narcotics, consider volunteering or making a donation to your friendly neighborhood Libertarian Party.  The LP is as old today as JFK was when gunned down, and our votes change bad laws.

Need a financial translation? Visit BrazilianTranslated.com

 

Letter to Arlo Guthrie

arlo

Arlo Guthrie

hippiehank

Arlo fan

Howdy Arlo, I read with shocked amazement that you’d admitted, in print, to voting Republican. Immediately I rationalized that this was probably back during the Cold War, in hopes of maybe a defense against H-missiles–a youthful indiscretion is all. Surely we both learned from watching Nixon, Ford, Reagan, Bush, Waffen Bush… right? 

Then I remembered that you’re the same Arlo Guthrie, who turned himself in for littering in the Alice’s Restaurant Massacre. You’re the trusting and unsuspicious youngster from Stockbridge Massachussetts who had failed to count upon a THIRD POSSIBILITY and you were immediately arrested… handcuffed… I’m here to talk about that third possibility, the one that strikes off the handcuffs and lets non-violent people like us out of jail. I meeean, I’m here to talk about the libertarian party because I don’t, and am so reckless as to suppose you don’t want your kids to be shot or jailed over weed, your home nationalized by the IRS, or your car stolen by state troopers exercising faith-based asset forfeiture and causing crashes and depressions in the name of Prohibition. (This is the part where the audience, you, chimes in to say NO in four-part harmony).

IF this seems reasonable, then BOTH halves of the Kleptocracy must seem pretty much alike and wrong to you and me both. Both the Democratic and the Republican parties in their published platforms want to keep the IRS treatening Willie Nelson, asset forfeiture looting threatening the economy, military bombing crusades, crashes, panics, deportations… I am not making this up–I’ve read those platforms.

Remember walking down Haight street in that freest of free markets and thinking it wasn’t all that weird?
Uncoerced markets work because prices–unlike votes wasted on teevee candidates–carry information. One reason spoiler votes are 6 to 36 times as hard-hitting as soft machine votes is because of cancelling. After all, 50 million platitudes divided by 50 million of the exact same platitudes equals one. Fractions are like that, whether you like it or not. You can simplify them by cancelling out the stuff that’s the same, and that makes the 1% remainder easier to compare.

Every politician who loses by 1% percent when the Libertarian (or Green) party candidate got 2% thinks about how outcomes could have been different if only he’d offered friendlier laws. Those votes put useful information into the hands of decisionmakers regardless of what candidate gets elected. Because this information acts to improve the laws, the Libertarian party voters and candidates always win because we only want bad laws to go away.

The only way to vote for DIFFERENT LAWS–and be counted–is to vote Libertarian. Voting Green or CPUSA only presses the Dems further down the Ho-Chi-Minh trail to the old East Berlin, and voting for the Tea or Consta-too-shun parties only pushes the GOP further Klanward into Italian fascism or German National Socialism. Voting for either one of these soft machines is kinda like jumping up and down yelling kill! kill! kill! But LP voters jump up and down hollering: repeal! decriminalize! reduce! So I agree with you that–unlike piles of garbage–it’s better to have two parties than one. All I’m asking is that they not both be trying to get us killed.

Some of my friends (who watch teevee) are worried that their vote might be the one that could have defeated the girl-bulliers. I’m not worried because bookies are betting cash money that the Lady candidate is going to win. They also bet the GO-Pee candidate and my candidate, Gary Johnson, are both going to lose. Here are today’s odds. When the numerator is larger than the denominator, they expect that candidate to not get elected. Both my candidate and the guy with the orange hair have larger numerators. Hillary’s numerator is smaller than her denominator, which means Irish bookies’ actuarial calculations at Paddypower.com lead them to expect her to be the first First Lady ever to become President.

electionday2016odds

A 7 to 2 payout means Trump only has a 28% probability of winning.

That’s about it. I’m happy to hear you on the radio now and then–but there are limits to how many times I’m allowed to play Alice’s Restaurant on the stereo. I’ll rest a lot easier if I find out you said something nice about voting for peace and legalization and all kinds of groovy things–as opposed to bullying girls, beating people over the head with nightsticks or sending them off with implements of destruction to do mean, nasty, ugly things on the other side of the planet.

Your fan, Hank Phillips

Prophesying Hobgoblins

R. Crumb, cartoonist, 1977

This is your brain on TeeVee

HL Mencken observed that looter politicians trot out an endless stream of hobgoblins to frighten the rubes into wanting a State of Fear. People who watch teevee, instead of reading, grab my sleeve to warn me about Clinton’s secret ambitions or Trump’s subconscious plans. When I ask how they found out, off they go after other sleeves to clutch–or demand instantly verifiable proof that their pathetic fears are false. The more mystical the voter, the more susceptible to frightened gibberish and unfalsifiable ravings.

Favorites include: Hillary will in the future appoint judges who will strike down the Second Amendment. The possibility that the Senate might refuse to confirm anti-Constitutional judges, never crosses their minds. Illiterate to a man, the terrified are completely unaware of what it takes to strike down a Constitutional Amendment, so “what’s to stop her” sounds like a question, but is really a cry of fear that a GIRL might be elected and the GOP lose some more jobs. The President, as Elihu Root explained to Herbert Hoover in December of 1929, has no power whatsoever to interfere in Constitutional amendments:

The Constitution does not contemplate any relation of the President to its amendment.  You can veto any other form of legislative action but you do not have that power in relation to Constitutional amendments.  That distinction was made for the definite purpose of holding alterations of the Constitution away from the President, who is solely an enforcement officer in this relation.

Root, it turns out, had himself tried to get the Supreme Court to strike down the Prohibition Amendment and failed. So the possibility remains that The Almighty Dollar will miraculously cause two-thirds of the Senate to confirm anti-Constitutional judges. Mammon could then cause them to refuse to enforce an Amendment–if the price were right. This, thanks to the Democratic and Republican parties, had actually happened ten years earlier, in Schenck v. US. The First, Fifth and Thirteenth Amendments were summarily but temporarily nullified by the looter-appointed Supreme Court in a case where the accused passed out copies of the Anti-Slavery Amendment to men waiting in line to be drafted into WWI.

The court used the “shouting fire in a crowded theater” excuse to send the pamphleteer to prison for handing & mailing out a piece of paper urging the Bill of Rights.
Mammon entered the picture when neutral American banks and industry, emboldened by the Federal Reserve Act three years earlier, began loaning money and selling goods on credit to British and French belligerents in the 1914 War, while Russia fought beside them. A LOT of money, materials and foodstuffs went “Over There.”

After the communist revolution took Russia out of the war, Germany might have won. These States would have lost the money they had fronted Britain and France. Mammon and the Court therefore decreed the First, Fifth and Thirteenth Amendments were not important compared to those war loans outstanding. But those Amendments are still there in case the Court needs to club someone over the head with them at some future date, perhaps with less money on the table.

The moral of the story is that it would take LOTS of money to quash the Second Amendment.  But crime is way down, and ALL recent Supreme Court decisions have favored Open Carry, less regulation, shorter forms, and with weed becoming illegal, yesterday’s “felons” will be just plain folks again.

The only amendment ever repealed was the Prohibition Amendment, by ratification of the 21st Amendment, which struck it down but assigned the States the power to make light beer a felony and murder entire families–with federal assistance–to enforce all related laws. This process began in 1933 after Herbert Hoover’s asset-forfeiture strategy brought on the Crash and depression had wrecked the economy. Two-thirds of the states won the race to ratify begun in March, but it took till December, with tens of billions of dollars and long jail sentences for millionaires in the balance. Twenty-four years would pass before the Republicans ever elected another President.

Both the Democratic and Republican parties insist on federal prohibition and the communist manifesto income tax–things that cause militarized police to jail and shoot our kids, and destroy the economy, causing depressions, repossessions and unemployment. More to the point, no self-respecting American woman of childbearing age wants anything to do with the kind of man who would use government force to compel her to act against her will and better judgment. George Waffen Bush destroyed the economy to please faith-based, ku-klux, mystical fanatics and his party deserves to be abolished and replaced. The honest and constructive way to man up and make things better in 2016 is to vote Libertarian or just stay home, like Scott Adams.

Subsidized Classroom Elisions

opium06jan1857When the First Opium War became inevitable in 1837, the good ship Orwell was plying the routes between China and Australia. British capital invested was drained out of the United States and poured into the preparations for the Opium War which overrode China’s prohibition against the dumping of narcotics at her ports.

Unequal treaties, signed at gunpoint, banned local cultivation and left China at the mercy of dope exports from India managed by FDR’s grandpa Warren Delano, among others. Converts to Christianity were meanwhile waging a civil war against China from within. Missionaries, admitted under the Treaty of Nanking, provided a handy pretext for military action against Chinese passive resistance. One French Catholic missionary was killed in 1856 for telling the Chinese their religion was heathen superstition, and Catholics and Protestants from opium-peddling countries took time out from killing each other to gang up on the Chinese–even as US Minister Townsend Harris was negotiating treaties with the terrified Japanese. News of renewed aggression against China reached United States newspapers on January 6, 1857. Richard Walmesley Blair, whose son Eric would adopt the pen name George Orwell, was born the following day.

The opium wars not only drained capital from These States, but the resulting glut wreaked financial havoc in India, where by May 1857, Europeans and Christian converts were being hacked to bits in those manifestations of popular displeasure referred to as the “mutiny.” By August, financial panic shuddered across America. By September there were runs on New York banks and government revenues were greatly decreased. No mention of the opium wars sparking the mutiny–or the two developments affecting American finances–appear anywhere in British or American accounts masquerading as history. Yet George Orwell’s father’s job title in India was Assistant Sub-Deputy Opium Agent, third grade. He was part of an organization that oversaw a sixth of the revenue needed to subjugate, dominate, control and overpower all of India and Pakistan at the time.

It is simply assumed that the three three things coexisted by the sheerest coincidence. In much the same manner, the Roosevelt Administration’s Pure Food and Drug Law of 1906, which affected whiskey, glucose and drugs beginning in 1907, simply coincided with the wave of prohibitionism shutting down saloons and ice houses that served beer. Likewise the Hoover Administration’s enforcement of prohibition with light beer a felony and tax liens and bank account seizures as the mechanism simply happened–according to what the historians have published these past 87 years–to coincide with the collapse of the banking system and the Great Depression.

That the Roosevelt family fortune arose out of this transportation of opium into China was probably known to TR and to Herbert Hoover. Hoover was present and under fire in China during the Boxer Rebellion, but kept quiet about his political adversary’s grandpa’s misdeeds while pretending to struggle against the morphine trade that had led to World War I. Yet his Moratorium and fanatical persecution of beer as the Avatar of Satanic Possession did more to promote Adolf Hitler to Chancellor than anything else in the world.

Only after the Republican Party’s prohibitionism, crash and depression had kept them out of the White House for two full decades, did Republican propagandists dare to leak the stories of Warren Delano’s involvement in the opium traffic. Eisenhower was elected, the United States declared a Christian nation, and the word “God” inserted into the Pledge of Allegiance, printed on coins and currency and chiseled into the walls of government buildings in Washington DC. Fear of “atheistic” communist congregants nurtured the flourishing of a powerful military industrial complex whose lobbyists–to Ike’s discomfiture–quickly dominated the United States government and ordered us into Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos, Brazil, Columbia, Grenada and Panama, Iraq, Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Finally the remake Bush Administration created the White House Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives (White House OFBCI) within the Executive Office of the President. The asset-forfeiture fanaticism inevitably resulting from such a move, again crushed the economy into rubble.

With any luck the Libertarian Party will replace God’s Own Prohibitionists and These States and Post-Brexit Pepperland will resume their colorful careers.

 

 

Hyperinflation, 1923, 1989

Germany was saddled with making reparations payments for damage she caused in WWI. The cause of that war and the method of raising money with which to pay were intimately intertwined. How?

germansmack12oct1923

German heroin glut

Knowledge of the Opium Wars invariably comes as a surprise to most victims of pre-Internet government schooling. But just before Victoria was crowned Queen of England, China banned opium trading and ordered the traders to leave. Lord Palmerston soon oversaw military operations to force China to repeal its opium prohibition. The war preparations sucked British investment capital out of These States and a depression set in shortly after 1837, when prohibitionist policies in China first affected British commerce.** Modern weapons crushed all resistance and the Chinese were forced not only to legalize the only really addictive drug warranting the nomenclature, but also to pay for the losses suffered by their attackers. This rankled. The Boxer Rebellion was a failed rematch, but the Revolution of 1911 finally restored control of their ports to the Chinese, and the ban produced a huge opium glut affecting the economies of the producing nations–The Balkans.

That almost all the opium containing 12 to 14% morphine is produced between Italy and Turkey is an inconvenient fact handily omitted from government school curricula. Serbia, Montenegro–the entire mountainous area from Slovenia to Bulgaria down to Greece was shot through with opium plots feeding chemical plants in Austria-Hungary and Germany. There, the morphine was extracted and acetylated into patented German Heroin™. Immediately after it became clear Chinese customs agents could no longer be bribed or bullied, price-cutting and competition for dope markets exploded into war in the Balkans, and escalated smoothly into World War I. This too is a surprise to people educated in government-subsidized classrooms, but the mechanism was obvious in the year 1923, when a heroin epidemic in United States called into question the wisdom of the government’s classification of light beer as a felony narcotic per the 18th Amendment. But alcohol prohibition in America was a windfall for the German drug industry. According to The Norwalk Hour:

This country has been a dumping ground for the large quantity of drugs manufactured abroad since the end of the war. And it is against this production of drugs abroad for illicit sale in this country that a movement has now been launched.
Germany, previous to the outbreak of the war, was the chief alkaloid manufacturing country in the world. The supply of morphine, heroin and other alkaloids of opium for the Occident came largely from her factories. In 1915 and thereafter the Allied countries found themselves short of opiates, the medical treatment of hundreds of thousands of wounded having drained surplus stocks the world over. Manufacturing laboratories sprang up. At this time poppy growing in India, Persia and China increased tremendously, and in India it receives governmental encouragement.

There you have a historical recitation of These States suddenly discovering how the Chinese had felt since long before the Civil War.  The parallels with the situation endured by the Celestial Empire continue, for Britain, after losing America, transformed India into an opium farm with an annual output worth $19 million in gold. That entrenched drug market brought England and France (which ran opium regies in Cochin-China) into war with Germany. The war necessitated loan-taking in the USA, whose President Coolidge insisted on October 5 that the loans be repaid. Hence, again, the transfer of British liability to the vanquished, this time Germany. Germany’s reaction was to evade reparations payment by inflating its currency into worthlessness.

Cruzeiros novos e Cruzados brasileiros

Brazil’s inflation during George CIA Bush regime

Why is this relevant? The prohibitionist infiltrators that caused the GO-Pee to try and fail to keep light beer a felony in 1932 never relinquished their hold on the party. During the Reagan-Bush years, when South America was exporting relatively harmless and nonaddictive cocaine to These States and Europe, a flurry of drug testing laws and the exhuming of Herbert Hoover Administration asset-forfeiture legislation triggered a major crash once traders perceived the Depression was inevitable. Like Germany in 1923, Brazil went into hyperinflation, and its president was deposed by impeachment (much like the September, 2016). George Waffen Bush repeated this Herbert Hoover in his second term. Bush’s Executive Orders packed the government with religious fanatics. Together they pushed prohibitionist asset forfeiture of billions, again causing damage to the US and global economies in the trillions of dollars.  Today’s Republican platform reads like Mein Kampf, only with “drug” search-and-replacing “jew” and “America” replacing “Germany” throughout. Both the Republican and Democratic parties disguise the fact that prohibitionist fanaticism by banning beer attracted opiates during prohibition. Prohibition enforcement, caused the Crash and Depression, and Herb Hoover’s policies supported the rise of National Socialism. This led to more war, and finally major Crashes in 1987, and just recently in 2007.

I vote Libertarian secure in the knowledge that there is nothing the other looter party could do that is worse than Republican economic disasters. Furthermore, my LP spoiler vote has 6 to 36 times the law-repealing clout of a vote wasted on the Kleptocracy.

** The Sydney Morning Herald of May 15, 1837 p. 3 contains the unlinkable article labeled CHINA. Click HERE to go to that page and see the Edict expelling all the foreign opium traders from Canton at the lower right. There is no date, but it is likely the thing was issued December, 1836, when the US economy was already in free fall and covetous of Mexican gold in California. The first news in English took six months to find publication in the newspapers. We’ll be blogging on that shortly.