Getting their Attention with Spoiler Votes!

Dad used to tell a story about this farmer whose mule wouldn’t obey.

They’d be plowing along and the farmer would holler “HAW!” The fool mule would turn right, or not turn at all, or stop! The furrows were all crooked. Finally the farmer found a “mule trainer” with a telephone number on the bulletin board at the general store. The farmer called the trainer who agreed to come out and serve up one free lesson as a special introductory offer.

Soon the trainer pulls up in his pickup and asks, “Izzat the mule?”
The farmer sez “Yep,” and before he could tell the trainer the mule’s name, the man pulls a two-by-four out of the truck bed, walks over to the mule, winds up and whacks him upside the head with the piece of lumber. The mule’s head swung round like a tetherball, smacked against the critter’s rump and barely bounced back in time to not get fallen on as the beast crumpled to the ground, blood coming out of one ear.

“Stop it!” hollered the farmer. “Heck, if I wanted him dead I’d a kilt him myself.”
“Calm down,” said the mule trainer. “This is what I do for a living. To teach a mule anything at all, first you gotta get his attention!” **

Sensei of solid smack upside the haid!

Meet my little friend, spoiler vote Dokuro-chan!

Political parties are like mules in this regard. They write platforms, usually to rob and cheat voters, then hire candidates to pretend the platforms (you’ll never read) are their own idea and that they can change them at will. They can’t–at least not until after they LOSE an election running on that platform.  For instance, George Waffen Bush’s first Executive Order called for packing the Executive Branch with faith-based prohibitionist bigots. Sure enough, those worthies colluded with dishonest State officials to waylay and rob motorists and confiscate homes, farms, bank accounts, securities portfolios and cash because “Reefer Madness” and “looters-by-law,” just like Herbert Hoover did from 1929 to March of 1933 (when FDR was sworn in, declared light beer not a felony and became President for life). Parties in States whose economies collapsed under that altruistic asset-forfeiture experiment wrote new platforms, and marijuana and forfeiture laws have been repealed like prohibitions on beer from 1923 to 1933.

One LP electoral vote made Roe v Wade decision!

Wet Dems elected 1932, 1936, 1940, 1944, 1948

No Republicans were ever elected again until Dick Nixon (a Quaker like Herb Hoover) slid in on Ike’s coattails in 1952 and lost to JFK in 1960. Nixon barely squeaked in by 0,7% of the popular vote because George “Klan” Wallace and Curtis “Nukem” LeMay parlayed their 14% 0f the popular vote into 46 electoral votes. To Nixon Republicans, those Dixiecrat spoiler votes were a heavy bludgeon upside the haid, and overnight they again became God’s Own Prohibitionists eager to kill commies on the other side of the planet and put hippies and naygurs in jail. When stingy old Ross Perot got enough votes to make George death-to-potheads Bush lose, Slick Willy Clinton instantly became a fiscal conservative, but prohibition still prohibited plants.

Equal but opposite reaction force...

Religious fanatics retaliate Bush meddling!

Then when Al Warming-oil Gore lost Tennessee and blamed Green party spoiler votes, the entire Democratic party became a wholly-owned-subsidiary of the Church of the Green Goddess Gaia. Data-altering scientist-impersonators rectified past temperatures cooler and faked post-freon-ban temperatures hotter than what thermometers said. But political laws still sent police to waylay, rob and kill motorists and confiscate homes, farms, bank accounts, securities portfolios and cash because “Reefer Madness” and “looters-by-law“… oh, and bomb the Saracen blackamoors on the other side of the planet.

Spoiler votes carry a big stick... bigger!

Fisher-Pry analysis anyone?

Before you vote or contribute, think of how badly you could hurt God’s Own Prohibitionists (Gee-Oh-Pee) AND the Damned Econazi Myrmidons (DEMS) by supporting Libertarian change. Your vote/donation packs the law-changing wallop of at least 6, probably 21, and possibly as many as 500 votes/donations wasted on tax-subsidized, entrenched kleptocracy parties.

**No mules were hurt posting this blog, and that joke is about 100 years old!

When you need political material, laws or oilfield financial reports translated, remember me. I’m also http://www.miningtranslator.com

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Whence Beauregard Sessions?

...and 72 virgins!

See original Sinfest

God’s Own Prohibitionist platform sayeth:

Republican platform, 2016: The progress made over the last three decades against drug abuse is eroding, whether for cultural reasons or for lack of national leadership. In many jurisdictions, marijuana is virtually legalized despite its illegality under federal law.

Three decades ago the Bush-Reagan Administration went postal with Just Say No shoot-first prohibitionism backed by misuse of tax laws and asset forfeiture looting. The Crash came in October of 1987, when every federal employee was forced to pee in a Dixie cup or be fired as agents fanned out to confiscate bank accounts, homes and vehicles.

New York repealed its state prohibition law in 1923, right after the economic depression that accompanied the onset of prohibition enforcement. Other states followed, alarming the Republican party, now heavily infiltrated by Prohibition Party regulars.

Republican platform, 1928: PROHIBITION: We reaffirm the American Constitutional Doctrine as announced by George Washington in his “Farewell Address,” to-wit: The Constitution which at any time exists until changed by the explicit and authentic act by the whole people is sacredly obligatory upon all. (…) The people through the method provided by the Constitution have written the Eighteenth Amendment into the Constitution. The Republican Party pledges itself and its nominees to the observance and vigorous enforcement of this provision of the Constitution. (NY World Almanac 1929 848) (Johnson and Porter 1975 288) [Nicholas Murray Butler offers repeal plank, hooted down]

Democratic platform, 1928: Law Enforcement: The Republican party, for eight years in complete control of the government at Washington, presents the remarkable spectacle of feeling compelled in its national platform to promise obedience to a provision of the federal Constitution which it has flagrantly disregarded and to apologize to the country for its failure to enforce laws enacted by the Congress of the United States. Speaking for the national Democracy, this convention pledges the party and its nominees to an honest effort to enforce the eighteenth amendment and all other provisions of the federal Constitution and all laws enacted pursuant thereto. (…) (Johnson and Porter 1975 273)

Then came ANOTHER stock market crash when Dry Hope Herbert Hoover in 1929 got rid of “dog-eat-dog” freedom and imposed “his brother’s keepers” shoot-first prohibition enforcement using tax laws and asset forfeiture looting. The banking system quickly collapsed, unemployment was everywhere, and federal agents and police murdering people were in every newspaper every day.

Prohibition party platform, 1932: We unequivocally oppose the repeal or weakening of the Eighteenth Amendment or of the laws enacted thereunder, and insist upon the strengthening of those laws. …can and will coordinate all the powers of government, Federal, State and local, strictly to enforce, by adequate and unescapable punishment of all violators, this wise and beneficent law.

Liberal party platform, 1931: PROHIBITION: We demand the immediate repeal of the Eighteenth Amendment.

Democratic platform 1932: We advocate the repeal of the Eighteenth Amendment, …

GOP platform, 1932: PROHIBITION… The Republican Party pledges itself and its nominees to the observance and vigorous enforcement of this provision of the Constitution. … We do not favor a submission limited to the issue of retention or repeal, for the American nation never in its history has gone backward, and in this case the progress which has been thus far made must be preserved, while the evils must be eliminated.

American voters won back their right to partial self-ownership by eliminating the Republican candidates. Democratic party politicians got government paychecks, bribe money and jobs for their buddies. Republican politicians were avoided for 25 years and the Prohibition party slowly withered on the vine. That is the power of noncommunist Liberal or Libertarian spoiler votes!

Ever need political news or writings translated?

 

 

Lessons of Political Economy

You can’t can peas without a can. But when the price of steel is high, you can set up a simple math problem to minimize the amount of steel per volume of peas. Anyone interested in freedom can also minimize the addition of coercion into the laws made in defense of individual rights.

Read the original article…

When I first encountered the LP in 1980, it took awhile for their main preoccupation to sink in. To libertarians, they explained, the initiation of force is like the price of steel. You set up equations and logical solutions that minimize the initiation of force, just as canners know how to minimize the surface area of a can of peas. As the initiation of force approaches zero, freedom (by definition) is increased and, consequently, wealth and life-worth-living multiply apace.

Now that the LP wields as many votes as the State of Virginia, looter parties are confronted with pawn power on the chessboard in the form of LP spoiler votes. Each entrenched looter party now has to repeal aggressive laws or lose because of libertarian spoiler votes. If either entrenched party fails in this task, more libertarian spoiler votes are cast. In the looter frame of reference, every such vote greatly increases the risk that the other looter party will win and snatch away “their” boodle and commandeer “their” armed goons. That’s third-party reality, and ignoring it won’t make it go away.

Both kleptocracy parties go to great lengths to trick voters into giving them the sanction of the victim. They make up fake names, for instance. Mystical bigots who in 1918 were monarchists, prohibitionists, and theocrats now call themselves  “conservatives.” Factory-confiscating communists who in 1918 called themselves “socialists” today prefer the cognomen of “liberals.” Liberal is what parsimonious low-tariff mercantilists answered to back when communists called them “plutocrats,” “capitalists” or “The Accumulation.” That gradually changed, primarily through the efforts of the Fabian Society and Norman Thomas:

“The American people will never knowingly adopt socialism. But, under the name of “liberalism,” they will adopt every fragment of the socialist program, until one day America will be a socialist nation, without knowing how it happened. I no longer need to run as a Presidential Candidate for the Socialist Party. The Democratic Party has adopted our platform.” ― Norman Mattoon Thomas

Socialists and theocrats, who after 1939 claimed that Adolf Hitler “wasn’t really” a socialist OR christian and that catholic and lutheran clergy “never really” helped the National Socialist Third Reich, loudly claim Thomas “never said” such a thing. Fine. The statement is no less true (if one expects truth from looters) and there is an undisputed equivalent by a contemporaneous intellectual of the looter persuasion:

The American People will take Socialism, but they won’t take the label. I certainly proved it in the case of EPIC.* Running on the Socialist ticket I got 60,000 votes, and running on the slogan to ‘End Poverty in California’ I got 879,000. I think we simply have to recognize the fact that our enemies have succeeded in spreading the Big Lie. There is no use attacking it by a front attack, it is much better to out-flank them. –Upton Sinclair, circa 1934

After Soviet Russia self-identified as a non-religious state, as the United States had in the Treaty of Tripoli, a schism developed between christian nationalsocialists and lay socialists. The Hoover Administration would not recognize the Soviet government. Because this Treaty of Tripoli is disputed and denied by christian national socialists, I include here Article XI  from my original 1910 version of Treaties, Conventions, International Acts, Protocols and Agreements Vol II p 1786:

ARTICLE XI: As the Government of the United States of America is not in any sense founded on the Christian Religion; as it has in itself no character of enmity towards the laws, religion or tranquility of Musselmen; and as the said States have never entered into any war or any act of hostility against any Mehomitan nation, it is declared by the parties, that no pretext arising from religious opinions shall ever produce an interruption of the harmony existing between the two countries.

The contest between Liberals, Socialists and Organized Mysticism has–with little change of meaning–morphed into a three-way contest between Libertarians, religious national socialists, and lay international socialists. Libertarian spoiler votes are reversing those rights-destroying trends of the 1890s to 1990s the same way, and Populist spoiler votes in 1892 set them in motion in the first place and George Wallace spoiler votes in 1968 accelerated the process.

Simply put, the philosophical teachings of Ayn Rand–put in writing in 1947 as National Socialists were put to death for altruist genocide at Nuremberg–have replaced altruist conditioning that favored the initiation of force. Consequently, the Libertarian Party, founded on sympathetic principles, has replaced all looter parties as the prive mover for change. The leveraged clout of libertarian spoiler votes is changing laws even more efficiently than the communist-socialist-populist spoiler votes of a century ago. Libertarian success is not a mater of putting “our” politicians on government payrolls. It is the result of giving voters a way to express their preference for freedom in terms no political party dares to ignore. –Hank Phillips

*EPIC: Eliminate Poverty in California, a precursor to LBJ’s War On Poverty and other things.

If you need immigration documents translated in order to escape from some altruistic People’s State into libertarian-friendly America, check out http://www.amigra.us, http://www.juramentada.us or http://www.braziliantranslated.com

In the dark and vulnerable…

Every voter who missed the opportunity to vote libertarian (and make a difference) should read Hillary Clinton’s econazi mein kampf. The thing is a sobbing, altruistic tell-all exposing the utter cluelessness of an ignorant collectivist dupe.**  Hillary made it clear she has never understood the function of the President, to “take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed, and … Commission all the Officers of the United States.” Nor has she even read or understood the platform of her own party in its entirety.

Every sane voter is normally inclined to believe whatever the democratic and republican parties say about each other’s politicians. After all, they are all looters, ideologically committed to the initiation of force.  Yet when was the last time you saw a Democrat quote verbatim and contest a plank from God’s Own Prohibitionists’ platform or vice-versa? Only thinking people read the platforms. Clueless folks read tweets about cankles, hairdos and vague allegations of email impropriety.

Most especially, voters in mi Puerto Rico querido. Puerto Rico is dominated entirely by superstitious prohibitionist republican and cynical communist democratic politicians. The Nixon anti-libertarian law shunts tax money into the island’s fake media to advertise these charlatans as “both” alternatives. Voters are aware of only one choice in elections: force women to bear unwanted children AND/OR send men with guns to kick in your door because of plant leaf products. “Both” parties are prohibitionists, but the Dems want to ban energy and God’s Own Prohibitionists want to bring back Prohibition and then some.

Superstition made boricuas susceptible to anti-nuclear propaganda. Econazi propaganda convinced the island voters that bird-killing windmills and useless solar panels can replace a power plant. Altruism caused them to elect looter politicians willing to squander 120 million borrowed dollars. That money bought the DemoGOP enough votes to bully women, kill birds and produce blackouts. Puerto Rico today is in the dark and vulnerable.  Look at the before and after outcome:

 

Quen es Juan Galt?

Slide the Atlas Shrugged divider… Page down, VIEW IMAGE COMPARISON shows before and after view.

La Rebellión de Atlas is available in Spanish translation. There is no excuse for Puerto Rico to live in the Dark Ages anymore. A libertarian governor and economy could soon enable a boricua power company to purchase a natural uranium Canadian CANDU reactor on reasonable terms. This would make our island the searchlight beacon of the Caribbean. Houston’s nuclear reactors were hit directly by the same hurricanes and never felt a thing. Puerto Rico more closely resembles a satrapy of the Spanish Inquisition because of energy prophesies–such as this one from the 2016 Democratic platform:

We are committed to getting 50 percent of our electricity from clean energy sources within a decade, with half a billion solar panels installed within four years and enough renewable energy to power every home in the country.

The Libertarian plank looked like this:

While energy is needed to fuel a modern society, government should not be subsidizing any particular form of energy. We oppose all government control of energy pricing, allocation, and production.

The Democratic Party final solution for Puerto Rico looked like this:

So if having electricity is more important than government ownership or making a pregnant girl suffer, consider voting Libertarian next election. If clear text is more important than garble, consider getting a bid from an ATA-certified Portuguese interpreter.

** I did not vote for Trump. I always vote Libertarian.

Political Contributions for Freedom

Once all the Germans, were warlike and mean, but that couldn’t happen again,
We taught them a lesson in 1918, and they’ve hardly bothered us since then…

My father kept the household well-supplied with Songs by Tom Lehrer, nurturing in his offspring an appreciation of mathematics, the arts, and the importance of keeping an eye on the brainwashees of totalitarian ideologies. This training in youth paid off handsomely when routine scrutiny of today’s econazi Germany turned up a philanthropist with a cause–Nina Rosenwald. Her foundation is reportedly a major contributor to “political parties,” but her advocacy focuses on the so-called “rights” of “religious minorities.”

Nina’s website is dedicated entirely to bashing Mohammedanism, as if all other forms of mysticism were neither coercive nor deadly. Religious minorities and majorities alike traditionally regard non-mystical individuals (and each other) as mere rightless infidels. Yet the website belongs to someone whose relatives were hunted down and murdered by Germany’s 98% Catholic and Protestant voters and government–a government popularly elected and overwhelmingly re-elected beginning in 1928. Her Foundational prescriptions extoll “individual rights” without getting too specific about the nature of those individual rights. Her lessons on the difference between freedom from coercion and the bloodbaths brought about by the initiation of harmful, coercive and deadly force rely on examples without explicit generalization by induction. Her funding goes to German political parties, all of which embrace the exact same mystical altruism that prompted genocide as the eugenic solution for making the world safe for altruist collectivism.

Science and reason are receptive to observable and measurable reality. Superstition and mysticism absolutely reject all reason, logic and verification that conflicts with blind determination to interpret mythological fiction as Revealed Truth. One current example is the mountain of well-documented evidence showing that German National Socialism is a Christian movement. Its 25-point Program explicitly endorsed religious Christianity as faith. Its motto, “The Common Good Before the Individual Good” (Gemeinnutz geht vor Eigennutz) extolls altruist collectivism as the ethical basis for distinguishing right from wrong. Those words and God Is With Us (Gott Mitt Uns) were engraved on their coins. Its legislative “solutions” advance the initiation of naked force as the preferred method of correcting traits altruist ethicists imagine breed political incorrectness.  The outcome of all this was demonstrated in evidence presented at war crimes trials in Nuremberg and elsewhere after May 5, 1945. The True Believers’ reaction? Disbelief!

Socialist and altruist websites flatly assert that Hitler was a religious conservative, which he was. “Reds” depict that famous politician as the “right-wing” Christian he himself claimed to be. Catholic and Protestant websites, however, deny as fabrication all evidence that any German and Austrian nationalsocialists were ever Christians™ and produce tortuous argumentation to the contrary. Both of these factions of communo-fascist totalitarianism evade discussion of ethics (what distinguishes good from evil) but unanimously support altruism.

Mystical conservatives “just know” that Hitler’s followers “weren’t really” altruists. Looters less impressed by Divine Revelation are equally sure that Hitler’s followers “aren’t really” altruists, but are Christian. (NSDAP is both).  Their own lists of which communist dictators were “really” altruists vary, but ALL are in agreement that National Socialists are selfish “right wing” fascists. Just as correctly, National Socialists (and other Christian Conservatives) regard socialists of other parties as extremists. Each accuses the other of lying hypocrisy, never admitting that their ideal is the same: altruist collectivism achieved by the initiation of deadly force.

The Republican, Democratic and Green platforms are perfect examples of activated altruism indistinguishable in kind from other totalitarian faiths. In fact, Ayn Rand fired Random House for refusing to publish her essay quoting the Nazi platform alongside excerpts from Kennedy speeches.  Nina Rosenwald could avoid the errors* Ayn Rand committed in her dotage (when both Ayn and Hillary Clinton were Goldwater Republicans). Nina’s support for selected candidates running on Libertarian Party platforms in any of two dozen countries would to more to dismantle National Socialism and Islam than any volume of well-translated tu quoque.

**Supporting Nixon’s war to recapture the French opium regie of Cochin China; flying into a carpet-biting rage against the Libertarian Party that she herself designed.

If you understand the importance of ethical values crossing the language barrier, support your friendly neighborhood Libertarian Party in its efforts to repeal bad laws. This public service announcement by was brought to you by www.portugueseinterpreter.com

Libertarian Party Jurisprudence

Voters who have never read a party platform are told that to cast a vote on principle is to “waste your vote.” The verifiable fact is: your spoiler votes for Libertarian Party candidates repeal bad laws. Today’s example is a woman’s right to undo her unwanted pregnancy. How was that right asserted and made law? 

The LP legalized abortion

Read the original

The Libertarian Party Platform of June 17, 1972 said:

“We further support the repeal of all laws restricting voluntary birth control or voluntary termination of pregnancies during their first hundred days.”

LP Candidates were John Hospers and Tonie Nathan. Ours was the first viable party to field a lady candidate for vice-president and secure for her an electoral vote–12 years before the Dems finally followed our lead. The popular election was 7 November of 1972, and electoral votes were counted in December.

On January 22, 1973, 45 days after the electoral votes were counted the Supreme Court decided in ROE v. WADE:

“(a) For the stage prior to approximately the end of the first trimester, the abortion decision and its effectuation must be left to the medical judgment of the pregnant woman’s attending physician. …”

That most important part of the Supreme Court decision was a perfect logical paraphrasis of the Libertarian plank on abortion. Much effort was expended to distance the decision from the first three words of the 14th Amendment: “All persons born…” These three words speak to the rights of individuals, but were NOT the reason the court struck down coathanger abortion laws in states notorious for mystical bigotry. The Supreme court was manned by five Republicans and three Democrats, and had been mulling this case since the first baby steps toward organizing a Libertarian Party.

Already the LP.org was against military conscription–which had just coerced 58,000 Americans to their deaths in Vietnam, formerly a French opium regie. But the Supreme Court had already committed to that version of slavery and involuntary servitude for WWI. Republicans–white and Christian like the Germans who voted for National Socialism–were terrified. Republicans feared not communism, essentially the same thing as nationalsocialism, but the “activated atheism” they associated with the Communist faith. Republicans had reason to fear that the widows and girlfriends of the boys they’d sacrificed were ready for bloody vengeance at the polls. Democrats had ditched the Klan and voted Wet in the 1932 economic collapse, and made out very well. So Democratic Justices again betrayed Southern mystical bigotry by copying the Libertarian plank, as Dems had copied the Liberal party repeal plank to defeat Herbert Hoover and elect FDR.

Nixon had tried to crush the LP within 24 hours of its formation by using the IRS to bribe the media with tax money. That politician took office, gingerly stepping over the scorched relics of the usual looter opposition–Socialist, Socialist Labor, People’s, Prohibition and Communist party–but fearing the 3674 Libertarian votes. Those votes have since grown a thousand times and now total 4 million.

21x the Clout!

Winning is changing the laws. See original

Since 1971 the Libertarian Party has been the prime mover for deregulation, repeal of censorship, defense of individual rights, non-entanglement in foreign affairs and the general increase in freedom. We are the reason God’s Own Prohibitionists finally backed away from coercing gay voters before the recent election–and the appeal to laissez-faire has also spread to more than 20 countries. The only brutal dictatorships left on earth are governments that block libertarians from organizing into political parties. Think about that next time someone is tortured or beheaded.

If you understand that maybe libertarianism isn’t all that weird, you might want to help out with a small donation at www.LP.org
If you were pleased with the clarity of this expository writing, consider www.portugueseinterpreter.com to help you get ideas across the language barrier in three directions.

“Show me a movement that doesn’t hate somebody and I will join it at once.” Robert Anton Wilson

 

Denier is the new Juden

Eight parties unmentioned

From the socialist Wikipedia

Ecological National Socialist candidate Albert Goracle, lost to G. Waffen Bush by three electoral votes in the Y2k election. Had voters in his home state of Tennessee backed his platform–ban electricity, continue asset forfeiture looting, jail hippies and blacks for plants–Gore’s party would have won by 16 electoral votes. The Dems could have had their hands in the till and hacks on the government payroll. Neither the Green nor Libertarian party commanded enough Tennessee spoiler votes to reverse the outcome. Still, Gore blamed Florida for his defeat.

Something similar happened to Germany and Austria back before ballots replaced bullets, Germany and its allies (Austria-Hungary, The Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria) lost WWI and blamed Jewish politicians. Thanks to the Jo Nova blog, the pattern of collectivist self deception can be seen in this example, in which I replace a single word with its conceptual equivalent. The context is journalist Ross Clark asked The Goracle a technical question about sea level rising versus land mass sinking.

When I put all this to Al Gore and ask him whether his film would be stronger if it acknowledged the complexities of sea level rise — why it is rising in some places and not in others — I am expecting him to bat it away, saying that it doesn’t counter his central point and that there is a limit to what you can put into a film pitched at a mass audience, but his reaction surprises me. As soon as I mention Professor Wdowinski’s name, he counters: ‘Never heard of him — is he a Jew?’ Then, as I continue to make the point, he starts to answer before directing it at me: ‘Are you a Jew?’ When I say I am sure that climate change is a problem, but how big a one I don’t know, he jumps in: ‘You are a Jew.’

That is a strange interpretation of the word ‘deny’, I try to say. But his PR team moves in and declares ‘Time’s up’, and I am left feeling like the guy in Monty Python who paid for a five-minute argument and was allowed only 30 seconds. On the way out, a frosty PR woman says to me: ‘Can I have a word with you?’ I wasn’t supposed to ask difficult questions, she says, because ‘this is a film junket, to promote the film’.

If Clark had tried that at an Oswald Mosley rally, he would have been beaten by goons. But the point is that the Econazi mindset is concerned not with facts, but bogeymen and strawmen. This last election had similar planks and a similar outcome. If the Dems had not copied the Green party anti-electricity agenda, and had instead copied the Libertarian party re-legalization plank, they might have beaten God’s Own Prohibitionists.

Get in touch for translations of political party platforms, nuclear reactor specifications, energy-related bills before various government assemblies or financial and economic impact of prohibition laws on national economies. From Spanish or into Portuguese & English is my bailiwick.